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El protector del Peru. He acordado y decreto. 1 Durante la indisposicion que actualmente sufre el Supremo Delegado, gran...

Reproducción digital del original conservado en la Biblioteca Histórica de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Author as subject

Libros americanos / Jacobo de la Pezuela

Edición digital a partir de Boletín de la Real Academia de la Historia, tomo 5 (1884), pp. 35-36

Reviews

Biografía del General San Martín / Domingo Faustino Sarmiento

Edición digital del Proyecto Sarmiento basada en la ed. de Galería de Celebridades Argentinas, Buenos Aires, Ledoux y Vignal, 1857

Pepe, El Libertador / Daniel Moyano

Otra ed.: Página 12, domingo 10 de julio de 1988

La estrategia del Altiplano boliviano / Juan Lechín

Edición digital a partir de Cuadernos Hispanoamericanos, núm. 261 (marzo 1972), pp. 517-552

Reviews

Ideas políticas del General San Martín / por Héctor Sáenz Quesada

Edición digital a partir de Cuadernos Hispanoamericanos, núm. 2 (1948), pp. 235-255

Reviews

Los temas preferidos de San Martín a través del examen de su biblioteca / Beatrix Martínez

Edición digital a partir de Cuadernos Hispanoamericanos, núm. 369 (marzo 1981), pp. 533-550

Reviews

Related authors San Martín, José de, 1778-1850

Contemporary authors to San Martín, José de, 1778-1850

More information

Name:
San Martín, José de
Date of birth:
1778
Date of death:
1850
Variant name:
General
Variant name:
San Martín
Uniform Resource Locator:
http://data.cervantesvirtual.com/person/10057

(This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is San Martín and the second or maternal family name is Matorras.) José Francisco de San Martín y Matorras (25 February 1778 – 17 August 1850), known simply as José de San Martín (Spanish pronunciation: [xoˈse ðe san marˈtin]), was an Argentine general and the prime leader of the southern part of South America's successful struggle for independence from the Spanish Empire. Born in Yapeyú, Corrientes, in modern-day Argentina, he left his mother country at the early age of seven to study in Málaga, Spain. In 1808, after taking part in the Peninsular War against France, San Martín contacted South American supporters of independence from Spain. In 1812, he set sail for Buenos Aires and offered his services to the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata, present-day Argentina. After the Battle of San Lorenzo and time commanding the Army of the North during 1814, he organized a plan to defeat the Spanish forces that menaced the United Provinces from the north, using an alternative path to the Viceroyalty of Peru. This objective first involved the establishment of a new army, the Army of the Andes, in Cuyo Province, Argentina. From there, he led the Crossing of the Andes to Chile, and triumphed at the Battle of Chacabuco and the Battle of Maipú (1818), thus liberating Chile from royalist rule. Then he sailed to attack the Spanish stronghold of Lima, Peru. On 12 July 1821, after seizing partial control of Lima, San Martín was appointed Protector of Peru, and Peruvian independence was officially declared on 28 July. On 22 July 1822, after a closed-door meeting with fellow libertador Simón Bolívar at Guayaquil, Ecuador, Bolívar took over the task of fully liberating Peru. San Martín unexpectedly left the country and resigned the command of his army, excluding himself from politics and the military, and moved to France in 1824. The details of the 22 July meeting would be a subject of debate by later historians. San Martín is regarded as a national hero of Argentina and Peru, and, together with Bolívar, one of the Liberators of Spanish South America. The Order of the Liberator General San Martín (Orden del Libertador General San Martín), created in his honor, is the highest decoration conferred by the Argentine government.

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