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How can mining contribute to sustainable development in Colombia? A review of stakeholders perspective and policy gaps =Cómo la minería puede contribuir al desarrollo sostenible en Colombia? Una revisión de la perspectiva de los actores...
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Digitalización realizada por la Biblioteca Virtual del Banco de la República (Colombia)
Malagón Orjuela, Edwin Antonio
Ciencias sociales; Ciencias sociales / Administración pública y ciencia militar
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© Derechos reservados del autor
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Desarrollo sostenible; Environment; Extractive industries; Industrias extractivas; Medio ambiente; Sustainable development; Minería; Mining; Pobreza; Poverty; Sostenibilidad; Sustainability
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With increased demand and high prices for minerals and metals in recent years, many resource rich developing countries see mining sector as vital to develop their economies. Colombia is one of these nations. Non-renewable natural resource wealth is seen as an opportunity to obtain economic benefits that can be transformed into increased wellbeing for citizens. However, mining often involves a high environmental impact and the risk of causing, or exacerbating social problems and conflicts in mining areas is significant. This study addresses the issue of ‘How then can mining contribute to sustainable development?’ in the Colombian context.
This issue is critical – with 44% of the population in poverty, and the territory considered one of the most biodiverse in the world. Views obtained from interviews with representatives of stakeholder groups from government, industry and civil society and the content of national mining policy documents were compared with a selection of industry best practice guidelines in order to identify key issues for mining and sustainable development in the country. Best practice guidelines were principally drawn from the Intergovernmental Forum on Mining, Mineral, Metals and Sustainable Development policy framework and the Extractive Industries Value Chain approach. Eleven key issues were identified as important for informants: policy frameworks, institutional capacity, access to information, royalty and tax regimes, transparency, local socioeconomic development, stakeholder participation and responsibility, community trust and image, environmental performance, mine closure and illegal mining.
The findings also suggest three principal gaps that need to be addressed with some priority. The focus of mining policies should be shifted from a principal focus on increased production towards sustainable development and poverty reduction objectives; better coordination between mining, environmental and national development policies and institutions towards sustainable development objectives is required; and improved technical and institutional capacity to provide an adequate assessment process and the information regarding whether the benefits from mining overcome its negative impacts ant national and local levels is needed.
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